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HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE
SECTION 36050-36072

36050. This part may be cited as the Farm Labor Center Law.

36051. In enacting this part, the Legislature hereby finds and
declares that there is a need for farm labor centers for the
assembling, domiciling, and housing of persons and families engaged
in agricultural work to help assure the agricultural communities of a
supply of such workers as and when they are needed; that the
operation of farm labor centers is a proper function for housing
authorities established pursuant to the Housing Authorities Law
(Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 34200), Part 2, Division 24); and
that the necessity in the public interest for the provisions herein
enacted is hereby declared as a matter of legislative determination
and of statewide application. It is further declared by the
Legislature that its intent in enacting this part is to remedy the
conditions described in this section by providing for the furnishing
of the farm labor centers authorized herein to single persons and
families whose principal source of income is agricultural work,
without regard to whether such persons and families have low incomes.


36052. The definitions and general provisions contained in Sections
36053 to 36055, both inclusive, govern the construction of this
part, unless the context otherwise requires.

36053. "Governing body" means the city council in the case of a
city and the board of supervisors in the case of a county.

36054. The area of operation for any housing authority means the
area of operation prescribed by Sections 34208 and 34209.

36055. Farm labor center means any farm labor center (or any part
thereof) owned or acquired by a housing authority in the State. It
also includes all real and personal property, assets, cash or other
funds held or used in connection with the acquisition, operation, or
disposition of a farm labor center.


36056. Any housing authority may adopt a resolution stating the
need for and, with the concurrence of the local governing body, may
acquire through purchase or gift any farm labor center within its
area of operation and own, operate, construct, reconstruct, repair,
replace, maintain, and dispose of such centers pursuant to this part.


36057. Every housing authority shall have all the powers necessary
or convenient to carry out the purposes of this part, including the
powers granted by this part and any other provision of law. It is
the purpose and intent of this part to do any and all things
necessary or desirable to secure the financial aid or co-operation of
the federal government in the undertaking, construction,
maintenance, operation, or financing of any farm labor center.

36057.5. The Department of Housing and Community Development may
furnish counseling and guidance services to aid any public body or
any private or nonprofit organization or persons in securing the
financial aid or cooperation of the federal government in the
undertaking, construction, maintenance, operation, or financing of
any housing designed for farm laborers and their families, persons
displaced by action of any state or local public agency, and workers
engaged in cutting, processing, milling, handling, or shipping lumber
or lumber products, and the families of such workers.
The Department of Housing and Community Development may contract
for or sponsor, subject to the availability of federal funds,
experimental or demonstration projects for permanently fixed or
mobile housing designed to meet the special needs of agricultural
workers and persons displaced by action of any state or local public
agency. Such contracts or sponsorship agreements may be between the
department and cities, counties, housing authorities, redevelopment
agencies, or nonprofit organizations.

36058. Within its area of operation and with reference to farm
labor centers, a housing authority may arrange and contract for the
furnishing by any person or agency, public or private, of services,
privileges, works, or facilities for or in connection with its farm
labor center, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained
in this part or in any other provision of law, may include in any
contract let in connection with a farm labor center, stipulations
requiring that the contractor and any subcontractors comply with
requirements as to minimum wages and maximum hours of labor.

36059. Within its area of operation, and with reference to farm
labor centers, a housing authority may:
(a) Own, hold, and improve real or personal property.
(b) Purchase, lease, obtain options upon, acquire by gift,
bequest, devise, or otherwise, any real or personal property or any
interest therein.
(c) Accept grants from any person or agency, public or private.
(d) Borrow money and pledge any property, real or personal, as
security.
(e) Contract with any person or agency, public or private, with
regard to operation of the farm labor centers.
(f) Sell, lease, exchange, transfer, assign, purchase, or dispose
of any real or personal property or interest therein.
(g) Insure or provide for the insurance of any real or personal
property or operations of any farm labor centers against any risks or
hazards.
(h) Employ such officers and employees, permanent and temporary,
as may be required, determine their qualifications, duties and
compensation, and delegate to one or more of them such powers or
duties as may be necessary for the acquisition of any farm labor
center.
(i) Acquire any real property by eminent domain necessary for the
purposes of the housing authority.
(j) Lease or rent any dwellings, accommodations, lands, buildings,
structures, or facilities embraced in any farm labor center, and,
subject to the requirements for occupancy contained in this part,
establish the rents and charges therefor.

36060. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the State that
each housing authority shall manage and operate its farm labor
centers in an efficient manner and that it shall establish the
rentals for dwelling at rents sufficient to cover costs of operation
and maintenance, including amounts necessary for payments in lieu of
taxes and creation of necessary reserves, and the payment of
currently maturing installments of principal and interest on any
indebtedness incurred in connection with the acquisition,
construction, or improvement of such farm labor center.


36061. Each housing authority shall establish reserves which it
determines to be reasonable for the maintenance, improvement, and
expansion of the farm labor center and its eventual disposition.

36062. Each housing authority shall admit to occupancy in a farm
labor center only single persons and families whose principal source
of income is derived from agricultural work and employees of the
authority whose residence on the center is necessary to its efficient
operation; and such persons, families, and employees, if they
qualify for admission under these standards, may be admitted to such
occupancy without regard to whether or not they have low incomes.
"Agricultural work" means work performed on a farm or in the
handling, packing, processing, freezing, canning, or shipping of
agricultural produce of the immediate area.


36063. A farm labor center is declared to be public property used
for essential public and governmental purposes and is for a public
use and purpose and involves a governmental function of state
concern. As a matter of legislative determination, it is hereby
found and declared that the properties involved in farm labor centers
are of such character and shall be exempt from taxation. A housing
authority may make payments in lieu of taxes out of revenues of such
farm labor center to the taxing bodies, except that in no event shall
such payments in lieu of taxes to any taxing body exceed in any year
the amount which would be received by the taxing body in taxes from
the farm labor center if the farm labor center were privately owned
and subject to taxation, provided that no such payments shall be made
which will result in reducing reserves below the established
maximum.

36064. A housing authority may borrow money from private sources,
the state, county, or federal government, and issue its notes and
encumber its assets as security by means of deeds of trust. The
obligation of the authority is limited to the security on the deed of
trust.

36065. The members of the housing authority, or any person
executing a note authorized by this part, shall not be liable
personally on any such note by reason of the issuance thereof
hereunder.

36066. Any farm labor center may be disposed of in whole or in part
by the housing authority after the commissioners of the housing
authority determine by resolution with the concurrence of the local
governing body that the need for the operation of the housing, or any
part thereof, pursuant to the provisions of this part, no longer
exists.

36067. Every acquisition of, transfer to, and contract for the
acquisition of, a farm labor center or part thereof by a housing
authority from the federal government and the operation and disposal
of such farm labor center by the housing authority heretofore
completed, executed, made, or done, which acquisition, operation, or
disposal of a farm labor center conforms to the requirements of this
part is hereby validated, confirmed, ratified and declared legally
effective, and all acts and proceedings heretofore taken by or on
behalf of any housing authority for such acquisition, contract for
the acquisition, or the operation or disposal of a farm labor center
are hereby confirmed, validated and declared legally effective. This
part shall be construed to supply such legislative authorization as
might have been necessary to authorize such acquisition, contract for
acquisition, operation, or disposal of a farm labor center by a
housing authority.


36068. Anything in this part to the contrary notwithstanding, any
farm labor center containing more than 20 per centum of standard
housing units heretofore or hereafter acquired by a housing authority
as a low rent housing project in accordance with the provisions of
Article XXXIV of the Constitution of the State of California and
following an election held for that purpose in the manner provided in
that article, shall be deemed to be a "housing project" as defined
by Section 34212 of this code and shall be operated by the housing
authority so acquiring the same under and pursuant to the Housing
Authorities Law of the State of California, and shall not be deemed
to be or operated as a farm labor center under this part.


36069. No housing authority operating a farm labor center shall
limit the period of occupancy of housing units therein by
agricultural workers to less than 270 days, if the Director of
Agriculture certifies that there are seasonal crops that would keep
such workers in the immediate area for such period of time.

36070. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a county shall
have all the powers granted to housing authorities by this part with
relation to the establishment and maintenance of farm labor centers.

36071. The Commission of Housing and Community Development shall
adopt, amend, repeal, and the Department of Housing and Community
Development shall enforce rules and regulations for the protection of
the health, safety, and general welfare of the occupant and the
public governing housing provided pursuant to this part, which shall
control the erection, construction, enlargement, conversion,
alteration, repair, moving, removal, demolition, occupancy, use,
height, court, area, sanitation, ventilation and maintenance of such
housing.


36072. Within its area of operation and with reference to farm
labor centers, a housing authority shall comply with the provisions
of Sections 34331, 34332, and 34333. The covenant required by
subdivision (a) of Section 34332 shall incorporate the regulations
adopted pursuant to Section 36071, rather than the State Housing Law,
Part 1.5 (commencing with Section 17910) of Division 13, and the
rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto, if the lease is
made subsequent to the effective date of the regulations adopted
pursuant to Section 36071.

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